The major consists of 11 courses, taken in four clusters:
Cluster 1 (Core Approaches) – These three courses serve as a foundation for the program, introducing students to critical perspectives on the study of peace and conflict. In order to declare a peace and conflict studies major, students must have already completed one Cluster 1 course (see list below) with a grade of C or better.
Cluster 2 (Elective Offerings) – These four elective courses allow students to develop substantive knowledge of key thematic and topical issues and methodologies within the broader interdisciplinary field of peace and conflict studies.
Cluster 3 (Geographic Area of Specialization) – PCON majors take three courses related to a specific geographic region to broaden their knowledge and to ensure in-depth understanding of particular regional conflicts.
Cluster 4 (Thesis) – PCON majors, normally in the fall of their senior year, will take one course (PCON 479 ) to develop a thesis project that integrates and synthesizes the knowledge gained in Clusters 1–3.
Major credit will be awarded for no more than two courses taken at another institution, and no more than one independent study course in the program.
A student pursuing a double major or a major and minor may use one course to count for both.
Cluster 1 – Core Approaches (3 Courses)
Students are strongly encouraged to take all three core approaches courses during their first and second years. These courses may be taken concurrently or in any order. Students should complete PCON 111 and at least one other Cluster 1 course before enrolling in courses from Cluster 2.
Cluster 2 – Elective Offerings (Four Courses)
To deepen and develop their knowledge of issues, methodologies, and current debates in peace and conflict studies, students take four (see list below).
These courses help students develop substantive knowledge of key issues/topics in the field. Courses in Cluster 2 expose students to a range of methodologies for studying peace and conflict, engage new and established frameworks for study and understanding, and incorporate critical approaches to theorizing the field. Courses in Cluster 2 deal with war, armed conflict, and genocide, transnational and human security issues, the lived experience of collective violence, and human rights and structural violence in broadly interdisciplinary ways. A student pursuing a double major with another department or program may use one Cluster 2 elective to count for both majors. At least two of these courses must be taken at or above the 300 level.
- PCON 240 - Protesting Injustice, Waging Nonviolence
- PCON 260 - Gender in Conflict and Peace
- PCON 301 - International Human Rights and Advocacy
- PCON 314 - Media War: Peace and Conflict in the Digital Age
- PCON 322 - Weapons and War: Interdisciplinary Perspectives
- PCON 340 - Terror and Counter - Terror: Histories and Logics of Asymmetric Warfare
- PCON 345 - Transitional and Historical Justice
- CORE 138S - The Advent of the Atomic Bomb
- EDUC 219 - Education for Peace and Nonviolence
- EDUC 303 - Decolonizing Development: Gender, Power & Education in International Development
- ENGL 431 - Ethnographic Fictions: Travel Writing, Bearing Witness, and Human Rights
- ENST 321 - Global Environmental Justice
- GEOG 321 - Gender, Justice, and Environmental Change
- HIST 216 - U.S. Foreign Policy, 1917 - Present (US)
- HIST 231 - Resistance and Revolt in Latin America (LAC)
- HIST 237 - Empires, Places, and Global History (TR)
- HIST 251 - The Politics of History (TR)
- HIST 265 - War and Violence in East Asia (AS)
- HIST 271 - The First World War (TR)
- HIST 272 - War and Holocaust in Europe (EU)
- HIST 273 - The Century of Camps (TR)
- HIST 309 - Culture and Society in Cold War America (US)
- HIST 316 - The United States in Vietnam, 1945 - 1975 (US)
- HIST 350 - Post-War Europe, 1945 to the Present (EU)
- HIST 380 - Emancipation, Forced Labor, and Contemporary Bondage in Africa (AF)
- HIST 479 - Seminar on Problems in the History of U.S. Foreign Policy (US)
- HIST 489 - Seminar on Problems in Military History (TR)
- PHIL 312 - Contemporary Political Philosophy (VT)
- PHIL 313 - International Ethics (VT)
- POSC 317 - Identity Politics
- POSC 344 - Politics of Poverty
- POSC 348 - The Rise and Fall of Communism
- POSC 349 - The International Political Economy
- POSC 353 - National Security
- POSC 357 - International Institutions
- POSC 361 - Humanitarian Interventions
- POSC 365 - Just War in Comparative Perspective
- POSC 374 - International Law
- POSC 381 - Revolutions
- POSC 390 - Silent Warfare: Intelligence Analysis and Statecraft
- POSC 454 - Seminar: The Cold War and After
- POSC 456 - Seminar: War - Theories and Practices
- PSYC 368 - Prejudice and Racism
- RELG 235 - Religion, War, Peace, and Reconciliation
- RELG 240 - Religion and Terrorism
- SOCI 212 - Power, Racism, and Privilege
- SOCI 216 - Sociology of War
- SOCI 312 - Social Inequality
- SOCI 326 - Nations and Nationalism
Cluster 3 – Geographic Areas of Specialization (3 Courses)
Knowledge of specific regional conflicts, and efforts to resolve them, is essential to the study of peace and conflict. To develop this knowledge base, students are required to take three approved courses on the politics, culture, history, geography, or economics of a geographic region chosen from the following:
- Central America, the Caribbean, and South America
- North America
- West, East, Central, and Southern and Sub-Saharan Africa
- The Middle East and North Africa
- Russia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia
- Asia and the Pacific Rim
- Transregional Communities
Students may take Cluster 3 electives concurrently with courses in Clusters 1 and 2. A student pursuing a double major in peace and conflict studies and an area studies department or program should discuss with the program director and PCON advisor which courses may be used to satisfy the requirements for both majors. Other courses, including Liberal Arts Core Curriculum courses, off-campus studies courses, and 300- or 400-level language courses, may count toward the geographic areas requirement, if approved by the program director. Many courses can count for Cluster 3 for each of the regions listed. Students should consult their PCON adviser about specific courses across the curriculum and off campus which may satisfy this requirement. Approved study abroad programs will normally provide two course credits towards this part of the major. The “Transregional Communities” designation (see above) applies to a thematic course of study on issues such as displacement, forced migration, or refugee and diaspora communities.
Cluster 4 – Thesis (1 Course)
To complete the thesis requirement, students must enroll in PCON 479 in the fall semester of the senior year. In order to advance to the thesis, students should have completed all of the Cluster 1 requirements, taken three of the four courses required for Cluster 2, and two of the three courses required for Cluster 3. Theses developed during the research seminar may be on any topic, but students are expected to integrate expertise in their geographic area of specialization in their final submissions.
Honors and High Honors
Students interested in pursuing honors can find the additional requirements on the Peace and Conflict Studies program page.
To qualify for graduation, a minimum grade of C is required for all courses taken toward the major or minor.
Peace and Conflict Studies Program
For more information about the department, including Faculty, transfer credit, awards, etc., please visit the Peace and Conflict Studies program catalogue page.